Anatomy is one of the main branches of biology that allows an individual to understand the structure and the parts of organisms including animals, human beings, and living organisms. Moreover, it investigates how a living body adapts and maintains balance with the physical environment and human health.
Botany is another major branch of biology to scientifically study plants, their structure, histology, physiology, genetics, and ecology. Moreover, the course covers the economic importance of various ecosystems and the impact of plants on the environment. After 12th, you can pursue BSc Botany to start a career in this field.
It is one of the most important branches of Biology that deals with categorising and naming different organisms based on their characteristics.
Zoology is one of the essential branches of Biology which is concerned with the study of animal behavior, physiology, structure, classification, and distribution. The best courses to pursue in this field are BSc followed by MSc Zoology.
Microbiology is the study of life and actions of microorganisms like bacteria, viruses, etc. Through Microbiology courses you will get to understand their metabolism and growth in a detailed way.
Mycology is the scientific study and research of fungi. Fungi are a group of multicellular organisms that cannot make their own food and play a major role in nutrient cycling in an ecosystem.
Phycology is the scientific study of algae which is known as a diverse group of aquatic living beings who have the ability to perform photosynthesis.
Parasitology is one of the branches of Biology and Medicine that works to understand parasitic organisms that live and feed on the host.
Virology is the most common branches of Biology which deals with the study of viruses and viral diseases.
Physiology is one of the lesser-known branches of Biology that studies the normal functions of various parts of the living organisms.
Theoretical Biology or Mathematical Biology is an interdisciplinary field of scientific research with applications in medicine, biology, and biotechnology and a lucrative option when considering the branches of Biology.
Cell Biology talks about the structure and function of the cell and the study revolves around the basic concept of biology that cell is the fundamental unit of life.
Genetics is described as the study of genes, genetic variations, and principles of heredity in living organisms. You will also be introduced to the concept of molecular genetics and genetic mapping that are important when it comes to the branches of Biology.
Ecology deals with the study of the interaction of living organisms such as plants, animals including humans and microbial population with one another and their physical environment.
Evolution is the study of heritable changes and diversification in different kinds of organisms over multiple generations.
Biochemistry is the intersection of biology and chemistry that studies various chemical and physicochemical processes that occur within the living body. This subject is best suited for students who are planning to work in medical and pharmacological fields.
Biophysics deals with the application of the laws of physics to biological occurrences or phenomena.
Molecular Biology is the discipline of biology that deals with the structure of proteins and nucleic acids and their functions.
Structural Biology is the branch of biochemistry, biophysics, and microbiology that allows individuals to study the molecular structure of biological macromolecules.
Biotechnology refers to the exploitation of biological processes such as microorganism genetic manipulation for the production of hormones, antibodies, and industrially relevant products.
Plant Physiology is the sub-discipline of Botany that deals with the physiology and functioning of plants.
Immunology is one of the branches of biology and medicine concerned with immunity. Individuals learn immunology mechanisms like finer points of tissue transplantation and cancers. Also, immunology works on exploring the causes of autoimmunity responses.
Marine Biology involves the scientific study of the behavior and interactions of life forms and marine creatures with the oceans, seas, and other forms of the marine environment.
Photobiology is the scientific study of the interactions of living organisms with light including visible, infrared, and ultraviolet radiation.
Radiobiology involves the study of the action of ionizing radiation on living beings and their health effects.