2. Branches of Chemistry


Biochemistry is the study of chemical reactions that take place in living things. It tries to explain them in chemical terms.

Biochemical research includes cancer and stem cell biology, infectious disease, and cell membrane and structural biology.

It spans molecular biology, genetics, biochemical pharmacology, clinical biochemistry, and agricultural biochemistry.

  • Molecular biology — the study of the interactions between the various systems of a cell, such as the different types of DNA, RNA, and protein biosynthesis.
  • Genetics — the study of genes, heredity, and variation in living organisms.
  • Pharmacology — the study of mechanisms of drug action and the influence of drugs on an organism.
    Toxicology —a sub-branch of pharmacology that studies the effects of poisons on living organisms.
  • Clinical biochemistry — the study of the changes that disease causes in the chemical composition and biochemical processes of the body.
  • Agricultural biochemistry — the study of the chemistry that occurs in plants, animals, and microorganisms.

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