3. Branches of biology

Branches of Biology from A to Z

There are mainly three branches of Biology- botany, zoology and microbiology.

  1. A
    Anatomy: Study of the structure of living things and their parts
    Astrobiology: Study of the living universe
  2. B
    Biotechnology: Study of technology related to biology
    Botany: Scientific study of plants
    Biochemistry: Study of chemical processes within or related to living organisms
    Biophysics: Study of physical processes and phenomena in living organisms
    Bionics: Study of mechanical systems that work like living things or as part of a living organism
    Bioinformatics: Study of interpreting biological information through computer science
  3. C
    Cell Biology: Study of cell structure and functions
    Chemical Biology: Study of the use of chemistry to solve biological problems
    Computational Biology: Study of using biological information to develop algorithms to comprehend biological systems
    Conservation Biology: Study of environmental conservation and biodiversity on the earth
    Chronobiology: Study of effects of time on biological events as well as internal biological rhythms and clocks
  4. D
    Developmental Biology: Study of the growth and development processes of plants and animals
  5. E
    Evolutionary Biology: Study of evolutionary processes and diversification and adaptation of life over time
    Ecology: Study of how organisms and how they interact with the environment around them
    Environmental Biology: Study of evolution, habitats and adaptations of living organisms
  6. G
    Genetics: Study of genes, genetic variation and heredity in living beings
    Geobiology: Study of how physical, chemical and biological processes influence each other in natural habitats
    Gerontology: Study of ageing, its physical, mental, social, psychological and cultural effects, etc.
  7. H
    Human Biology: Study of human species, their evolution, genetics, heredity, anatomy and other aspects
    Human Genetics: Study of the human genome and transmission of genes from one generation to another
  8. I
    Immunology: Study of the immune system in all organisms
  9. L
    Lichenology: Study of Lichens
  10. M
    Marine Biology: Study of marine organisms and marine life
    Mycology: Study of fungi
    Microbiology: Study of microorganisms, i.e. minute life-forms
    Molecular Biology: Study of chemical structures and biological processes of molecules
  11. N
    Neurobiology: Study of nervous systems and cell functions
    Nutrition Science: Study of food, its nutrients and their effects on health and diseases
  12. P
    Pathology: Study of disease or injury
    Physiology: Study of how the human body functions
    Paleobiology: Study of applied life science biology on the earth science paleontology
    Phycology: Study of algae
    Parasitology: Study of parasites, their hosts and their relationships
    Plant Physiology: Study of plant function and behaviour, in terms of their inner structures and functions
    Photobiology: Study of beneficial or bad impact of light on living organisms
  13. R
    Radiobiology: Study of ionizing radiation and its interactions with human beings
  14. S
    Structural Biology: Study of structure of biological molecules
    Soil Biology: Study of living organisms in the soil
    Systems Biology: Study of biological systems
  15. T
    Taxonomy: Study of naming, classifying, arranging, describing living organisms
  16. V
    Virology: Study of viruses as well as virus diseases
  17. Z
    Zoology: Study of plant kingdom

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