2. Branches of Chemistry

Branches of Chemistry with Examples 

Now that you are aware of the all 10 branches of chemistry. Let us understand the concept better with the help of examples:

Branches of ChemistryBranches of Chemistry Real Life Examples
Organic ChemistryWashing detergents, Plastics, Hair dyes
Inorganic ChemistryFloor cleaner, Soap
Physical ChemistryWater boiling, Water freezing
Analytical ChemistryWater and Soil Testing
Biomedical ChemistryKidney function test, Blood test
Environmental ChemistryChemicals from consumers
Industrial ChemistrySulphuric acid from factories
Polymer ChemistrySynthetic fibers clothes
Nuclear ChemistryManufacturing weapons
GeochemitryIndustrial effluent and sewage sludge
2. Branches of Chemistry


Geochemistry is an in-depth study of Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences. Geochemistry is important to understand the mineral, weathering agents, and other environmental aspects. Earth is composed to various chemicals and geochemistry is the study of all those chemical processes

2. Branches of Chemistry

Nuclear Chemistry

As the name implies, it is the study of nuclear reactions. It is vividly used in various treatments and cures. It revolves around radioactivity, nuclear processes, and transformations. 

2. Branches of Chemistry

Polymer Chemistry

It focuses on polymers and macromolecules. Polymer structures are present in organic chemistry, analytical chemistry, and physical chemistry as well. It can also be included in nanotechnology. It can further be classified into thermoplastics, thermosets, elastomers, and synthetic fibers.

2. Branches of Chemistry

Industrial Chemistry

Industrial Chemistry is important to manufacture new products. Raw products are dissolved, heated, filtering and various other techniques to form a new product. Examples of industrial chemistry are petrochemicals – ethylene, propylene, benzene, styrene, Ceramic products – silica brick, frit, etc.

2. Branches of Chemistry

Environmental Chemistry

It is a study of biochemical processes that occur in the natural environment. Environmental chemistry is a mixture of various subjects such as biologymaths, toxicology to find out the ways for sustainable development. Environment chemistry is an essential branch of chemistry because it deals with environmental functions.

2. Branches of Chemistry


Biochemistry is the study of chemical reactions that take place in living things. It tries to explain them in chemical terms.

Biochemical research includes cancer and stem cell biology, infectious disease, and cell membrane and structural biology.

It spans molecular biology, genetics, biochemical pharmacology, clinical biochemistry, and agricultural biochemistry.

  • Molecular biology — the study of the interactions between the various systems of a cell, such as the different types of DNA, RNA, and protein biosynthesis.
  • Genetics — the study of genes, heredity, and variation in living organisms.
  • Pharmacology — the study of mechanisms of drug action and the influence of drugs on an organism.
    Toxicology —a sub-branch of pharmacology that studies the effects of poisons on living organisms.
  • Clinical biochemistry — the study of the changes that disease causes in the chemical composition and biochemical processes of the body.
  • Agricultural biochemistry — the study of the chemistry that occurs in plants, animals, and microorganisms.
2. Branches of Chemistry


Physical Chemistry —the study of the effect of chemical structure on the physical properties of a substance.

Physical chemists typically study the rate of a chemical reaction, the interaction of molecules with radiation, and the calculation of structures and properties.

Sub-branches of physical chemistry include:

  • Photochemistry — the study of the chemical changes caused by light.
  • Surface chemistry — the study of chemical reactions at surfaces of substances. It includes topics like adsorption, heterogeneous catalysis, formation of colloids, corrosion, electrode processes, and chromatography.
  • Chemical kinetics — the study of the rates of chemical reactions, the factors affecting those rates, and the mechanism by which the reactions proceed.
  • Quantum chemistry — the mathematical description of the motion and interaction of subatomic particles. It incorporates quantization of energy, wave-particle duality, the uncertainty principle, and their relationship to chemical processes.
  • Spectroscopy — the use of the absorption, emission, or scattering of electromagnetic radiation by matter to study the matter or the chemical processes it undergoes.
2. Branches of Chemistry


Analytical chemistry involves the qualitative and quantitative determination of the chemical components of substances.

Examples of areas using analytical chemistry include:

  • Forensic chemistry — the application of chemical principles, techniques, and methods to the investigation of crime.
  • Environmental chemistry —the study of the chemical and biochemical phenomena that occur in the environment.It relies heavily on analytical chemistry and includes atmospheric, aquatic, and soil chemistry.
  • Bioanalytical Chemistry — the examination of biological materials such as blood, urine, hair, saliva, and sweat to detect the presence of specific drugs.
2. Branches of Chemistry


Inorganic chemistry is the study of the properties and behaviour of inorganic compounds.

It covers all chemical compounds except organic compounds.

Inorganic chemists study things such as crystal structures, minerals, metals, catalysts, and most elements in the Periodic Table.

Branches of inorganic chemistry include:

  • Bioinorganic chemistry — the study of the interaction of metal ions with living tissue, mainly through their direct effect on enzyme activity.
  • Geochemistry — the study of the chemical composition and changes in rocks, minerals, and atmosphere of the earth or a celestial body.
  • Nuclear chemistry — the study of radioactive substances.
  • Organometallic chemistry — the study of chemical compounds containing bonds between carbon and a metal.
  • Solid-state chemistry — the study of the synthesis, structure, and properties of solid materials.