- Two seed leaves—cotyledon
- Flower components in fours or fives or multiples of fours or fives
- Leaf veins are branching and networked
- Vascular cambium present, usually cork cambium present
- Vascular bundles are arranged in a ring in the stem
- Three apertures in pollen grains
Dicots account for slightly under three-quarters of all flowering plants. Nearly all flowering trees and shrubs are dicots as well as many annual plants. Monocots include bulb producing plants, grasses, orchids, and palms. They are primarily herbaceous, meaning no secondary woody growth.