Genetic information directs the synthesis and development of enzymes that are critical in all metabolic processes within the plant. Most enzymes are proteins in some form or another, produced in very minute quantities, and produced on-site—meaning they are not transported from one part of the organism to another. Genetic information also regulates the production of hormones, which will be addressed shortly. The major difference is that hormones are transported from one part of the plant to another as needed. Vitamins vital in the activation of enzymes and are produced in the cytoplasm and membranes of plant cells. Animals and humans utilize plants in order to provide some vitamin resources. In general, hormone and vitamin effects are similar and are difficult to distinguish in plants, and both are referred to in general as plant growth regulators.
Category: 2. Plant Growth Regulators and Enzymes