It compiles and executes faster than Java or Python. Because C is a compiler based programming language and Java and Python are an interpreter based programming language.
Category: 3. Features of C programming
Format Free Language
The C language is a format-free language. There are no line numbers needed in the C language code, or we can say that the line number holds no significance. There is no need to place statements on a specified location on a line.
Like most High-level languages, for example, Java, C++, C#, the C language has a syntax, there are proper rules for writing the code, and the C language strictly follows it.
If you write anything that is not allowed, you will get a compile-time error, which happens when the compiler is unable to compile your code because of some incorrect code syntax.
C language code is compiled and then it is run. just assume that the code is compiled. Obviously, the compilation of code will take some time. A small piece of code will compile faster while a large code will take time to get compiled.
In C language you can break your code and put it in multiple source code files. C language will compile the files separately and then link them together for execution.
This makes compilation fast.
Another plus point of this is, multiple programmers/developers can work on different code files while working on a single project.
There is not just the standard library for C language but also a large ecosystem of 3rd party libraries, which are created by developers/coders around the world, and anyone can use them.
Even you can write your own C language library and distribute it online through your Github profile. You never know, people around the world might need your solution.
C supports various inbuilt functions and libraries that create development fast. The standard library support for the C language is superb and you will see that a lot of keywords or ready-made operations that you will use while writing code in C language are already pre-defined. We just have to use them, without worrying about how they work.
These libraries are called Header files in C language.
C language is a very powerful programming language. It has a broad range of features like support for many data types, operators, keywords, etc., allows structuring of code using functions, loops, decision-making statements, then there are complex data-structures like structures, arrays, etc., and pointers, which makes C quite resourceful and powerful, etc.
Using the C language you can easily read, write and create files. This may sound like a basic feature today, but in the early 1990s, this was a game-changer.
C language is a structured programming language because we can create functions in the C language. Using functions we can separate a particular operation from the main program and then use it again and again.
A structured language is not just about having the ability to create functions, but it supports loops, conditional statements, etc. All of this we will cover in detail in the upcoming tutorials.
C language is lavishly portable as programs that are written in C language can run and compile on any system with either none or small changes.
Easy to Extend
Programs written in C language can be extended means when a program is already written in it then some more features and operations can be added to it.