C implements algorithms and data structures swiftly, facilitating faster computations in programs. This has enabled the use of C in applications requiring higher degrees of calculations like MATLAB and Mathematica.
There are only 32 keywords contained within C as well as built-in functions and data types. Additionally, C programs contain a standard library of functions that can be called by user programs, allowing access to all of these features and functions at any point in the program.
All of these attributes make C both efficient and simple to work with, especially when developing complex programs. Additionally, C is an extremely efficient language whose compiled binaries execute quickly and with minimal overhead.
The C programming language is a strongly typed language, meaning data structures and variables must be declared in advance. As such, the compiler is able to enforce proper usage of these declared types and catch a variety of bugs at compile-time.
Additionally, the language supports the concept of structures which are user-defined data types that can be used to encapsulate data and code in a modular fashion. These modules can be written individually and combined to form a more complex and larger program. This divided structure improves the efficiency of testing by making it extremely easy to evaluate defects, remove them and maintain the program.
Because so many different programming languages are based on or related to C, your knowledge of C will simplify the process of learning other languages. These languages typically share similar syntax, operators, control statements, data types and more.
Though many applications use a variety of programming languages aside from C, quite a few of those languages take inspiration from C. Therefore, by learning C, you cal also work on large, open-source projects, like making contributions to Python source code, that could benefit millions of programmers worldwide.
By learning C, you will be able to understand and visualize the inner workings of computer systems (like allocation and memory management), their architecture and the overall concepts that drive programming. As a programming language, C will also allow you to write more complex and comprehensive programs.
Last but not least it is a block structured language. The first symbol of a modern language is that it is block structured. Each code exists in separate block and is not known to code in other block providing easy means of programming and minimizing the possibilities of undesirable side effects. C is designed from the base to top to be a block structured language. Many older languages, most popular being BASIC tried to introduce this concept but their short coming can never fulfilled as they were never built along these line.
C is a middle level language. There are three types of language – High Level, Middle Level & Low Level. High level languages are user oriented, giving faster development of programs, example is BASIC. Low level languages are machine oriented; they provide faster execution of programs. C is a middle level language because it combines the best part of high level language with low level language. It is both user and machine oriented and provides infinite possibilities.
Mobiles, Palmtops, PDA’s etc are gaining popularity every second. Also appliances such as T.V., Refrigerators, and Microwaves etc. are becoming an integral part of our daily needs. You may not know but they have a CPU with them which do need programming and the software’s written for them are known as embedded system programs. These programs have to be fast in execution but also have a very little memory. No question why C is ideally suited for embedded system programming.