Understanding the general anatomy of the heart is important in helping you to visualize the different ultrasound views we will be performing. In addition, it will help keep you organized throughout the cardiac ultrasound exam.
There are a total of 4 chambers in the heart: Right Atrium, Right Ventricle, Left Atrium, and Left Ventricle. These are separated by their respective valves: Tricuspid Valve, Pulmonic Valve, Mitral Valve, and Aortic Valve.
With transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) you are able to visualize all of these structures but you will need to keep in mind that the heart is located much more medially (toward the sternum) than you may think.