1. Why Choose ?

Studying anatomy

Most people working in healthcare have had training in gross anatomy and histology.

Paramedics, nurses, physical therapists, occupational therapists, medical doctors, prosthetists, and biological scientists all need a knowledge of anatomy.

1. Why Choose ?


People who work in histology laboratories are called histotechnicans, histotechnologists, or histology technicians. These people prepare the samples for analysis. Histopathologists, also known as pathologists, study and analyze the samples.

The technician will use special skills to process samples of biological tissues. The tissues may come from:

  • patients seeking a diagnosis
  • suspects in a crime, if it is a forensic lab
  • the body of a person who has died

The process involves:

  1. trimming samples and applying solutions to preserve them
  2. removing any water, replacing it with paraffin wax, and putting the sample in a wax block to make it easier to slice
  3. slicing the tissue thinly and mounting the slices on slides
  4. applying stains to make specific parts visible

Next, a histopathologist examines the cells and tissues and interprets what they see. Others can use the histopathologist’s findings to decide on the best course of treatment or help determine how a death, illness, or crime occurred.

To become a histotechnologist in the United States, a person needs certification from the American Society for Clinical Pathology. They can start by taking a degree that includes math, biology, and chemistry, then getting onsite experience. Or, a person can attend an accredited histology program. Higher qualifications are also available.

To become a pathologist, a person usually needs a degree from a medical school, which takes 4 years to complete, plus 3–7 years of internship and residency programs.

1. Why Choose ?

Microscopic Anatomy

Microscopic anatomy, also known as histology, is the study of cells and tissues of animals, humans, and plants. These subjects are too small to see without a microscope.

Through microscopic anatomy, people can learn about the structure of cells and how they relate to each other.

For example, if a person has cancer, examining the tissue under the microscope will reveal how the cancerous cells are acting and how they affect healthy tissue.

A researcher may apply histological techniques such as sectioning and staining to tissues and cells. They may then examine them under an electron or light microscope.

Sectioning involves cutting tissue into very thin slices for close examination.

The aim of staining tissues and cells is to add or enhance color. This makes it easier to identify the specific tissues under investigation.

Histology is vital for the understanding and advancement of medicine, veterinary medicine, biology, and other aspects of life science.

Scientists use histology for:


In teaching labs, histology slides can help students learn about the microstructures of biological tissues.


Doctors take tissue samples, or biopsies, from people who may have cancer or other illnesses and send the samples to a lab, where a histologist can analyze them.

Forensic investigations

If a person dies unexpectedly, the microscopic study of specific biological tissues can help experts discover the cause.


As in forensic investigations, experts study tissues from deceased people and animals to understand the causes of death.


Biological samples from archeological sites can provide useful data about what was happening thousands of years ago.

1. Why Choose ?

Gross Anatomy

[anatomy class]
Image credit: BraunS/istock .

In medicine, gross, macro, or topographical anatomy refers to the study of the biological structures that the eye can see. In other words, a person does not need a microscope to see these features.

The study of gross anatomy may involve dissection or noninvasive methods. The aim is to collect data about the larger structures of organs and organ systems.

In dissection, a scientist cuts open an organism — a plant or the body of a human or another animal — and examines what they discover inside.

Endoscopy is a tool for diagnosing illness, but it can also play a role in researchTrusted Source. It involves a scientist or doctor inserting a long, thin tube with a camera at the end into different parts of the body. By passing it through the mouth or rectum, for example, they can examine the inside of the gastrointestinal tract.

There are also less invasive methods of investigation. For example, to study the blood vessels of living animals or humans, a scientist or doctor may inject an opaque dye, then use imaging technology, such as angiography, to see the vessels that contain the dye. This reveals how the circulatory system is working and whether there are any blockages.

MRI scans, CT scans, PET scans, X-rays, ultrasounds, and other types of imaging can also show what is happening inside a living body.

Medical and dental students also perform dissection as part of their practical work during their studies. They may dissect human corpses.

1. Why Choose ?

Why Learning Anatomy and Physiology

Anatomy and Physiology are one of the most prominent and crucial subjects of medical and nursing education. Without studying these essential topics, no doctor, nurse or physician can work & function in the medical and healthcare sector.

Anatomy is basically the study of structure, framing, and the relationship between body parts. Physiology, on the other hand, is the branch of medical science that deals with the study of functions of body parts as a whole.

Various medical schools conduct several anatomy and physiology classes or commonly called as A&P Class to make students familiar with the human body and how it operates in reality.

These anatomy and physiology classes make students understand these basic following points:-

  • The functions of the human body
  • The framework of body parts
  • Location of various organs
  • Location of cells and tissues
  • Knowledge regarding body systems like the nervous system, respiratory system, digestive system, reproductive system, etc.
  • Understandings regarding various bones and joints, and a lot more.

There are various reasons due to everyone should learn anatomy and physiology. Some of the prominent ones are as follows:-

Fundamental Knowledge
Anatomy and Physiology provide basic knowledge about the human body. It helps in clearing the fundamental concepts as to how our bodies function.

Theoretical & Practical Knowledge
With the help of the classes of anatomy and physiology, one gets to learn not only the theoretical concepts but practical functionalities of the human body too. It is not only a theory-based subject of science but a practical-oriented subject too.

Conditions of Emergencies
Knowing human anatomy helps in cases of emergencies as well. In the absence of supervising doctors or nurses, LPNs are the ones who are supposed to take care of patients in emergencies. To cope with such situations, an LPN should be familiar with the concepts of anatomy and physiology which can, ultimately, prove to be of great help.

Tracking of Patient’s Health
Anatomy and Physiology education help in understanding the health status of patients. It helps in assessing, evaluating, diagnosing and tracking a patient’s health. The theories of this subject assist in comprehending the overall condition of the human body.

Understanding Human Development

It’s helpful to have an intimate knowledge of human development and how the body grows and changes throughout life. Working with children is very different from working with older adults, and a background in anatomy and physiology can help you better understand the individual needs.

Knowing How Systems Interact

Beyond the individual organs and systems, it is also important to understand how the various aspects of the human body work together. The circulatory system, the respiratory system, the lymphatic system, and more all play a part in human health and the interactions can be healthy or unhealthy.

By understanding how the systems interact, you can determine the proper care for each individual patient and their specific symptoms. With a foundation of anatomy and physiology, you will have the building blocks to make the proper decisions and provide accurate and quality care.

Staying Up To Date on Research

Of course, the study of anatomy and physiology is not static. New innovations in science and medicine change our understanding of the human body all the time. Starting with the proper foundation provided by an anatomy and physiology course is a stepping-stone in continuing an education in the medical field.

Once you have an understanding of the basic systems and functions of the human body, staying up to date on new research will be significantly easier. Online courses, taken at your own pace, can give you the tools you need to better understand these concepts.

Developing Precise Skills

Ultimately, your medical career will be reliant on your ability to learn and execute tasks with precision. With a greater understanding of the way the systems of the body interact, a medical professional will be able to successfully determine the problem and conclude a more accurate solution. There is a range of potential career opportunities for someone with a strong background in anatomy and physiology, from clinical work to laboratory research.

Begin an Exciting Career in Healthcare

These fundamental building blocks of medical science will give you the opportunity to make a difference in the lives of others throughout your career. Beginning your healthcare career can be intimidating but starting with a foundational understanding of anatomy and physiology will broaden your educational and career prospects in a fast-growing field.