Classification of data brings order to raw data. We can classify a bulk of data based on their need or purpose. The different types of data, based on which they are organised are given below:
- Chronological data
- Spatial data
- Qualitative data
- Quantitative data
Chronological data are grouped or classified according to the time, such as days, weeks, months, years. For example, growth of population with time in years.
Spatial data are classified based on geographical locations or areas such as cities, states, countries, etc.
Qualitative data are categorized under different attributes like nationality, gender, religion, marital status, etc. Such data cannot be measured but can be classified based on their presence and absence of qualitative characteristics. For example, categorising the population of males and females in a city.
Quantitive data is the type of data when the above attributes (in case of qualitative classification) are further categorised into number based data such as height, age, marks of students, salary, etc.
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