2. Types of Variables

Confounding variables

A confounding variable is one you did not account for that can disguise another variable’s effects. Confounding variables can invalidate your experiment results by making them biased or suggesting a relationship between variables exists when it does not. For example, if you are studying the relationship between exercise level (independent variable) and body mass index (dependent variable) but do not consider age’s effect on these factors, it becomes a confounding variable that changes your results.

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