3. Ionic Equilibrium

Degree of Ionization

The degree of ionization depends on

  • Nature of the electrolyte: strong, weak, insoluble
  • Nature of the solvent: High dielectric solvents increase ionization
  • Dilution: larger the dilution higher the ionization
  • Temperature: higher the temperature, larger the ionization and
  • Presence of common ions decreases the ionization of the weak electrolyte.

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