1. Basic Guide

Development of Physics

  • During the ancient period, the development of physics took place with the development of astronomy.
  • However, during the medieval period, a notable work of the Arab writer and scientist Ibn Al-Haitham revolutionized the concept of physics.
  • Ibn Al-Haitham had written a book in seven volumes namely “Kitāb al-Manāẓir “also known as “The Book of Optics.”
  • In this book, Ibn Al-Haitham disprove the ancient Greek concept of vision and introduced a new theory.
  • Ibn Al-Haitham had also introduced the concept of the pinhole camera.
  • During the late medieval period, Physics became a separate discipline of the natural science.
  • In making physics as a separate discipline, the major contributions were given by the European scientists.
  • These modern European scientists had been introduced different concepts of physics and discovered and invented many new technologies.
  • For example, Copernicus replaced the ancient view of geocentric model and introduced the heliocentric concept; Galileo invented the telescopes, Newton discovered the laws of motion and universal gravitation, etc.
  • The era of modern physics came with the discovery of quantum theory by Max Planck and theory of relativity by Albert Einstein.
Physics Scientists
  • After development of modern physics, the ear of applied physics commenced where emphasis is given on ‘research’ on a particular use.
  • The particle physicists have been consistently designing and developing the high energy accelerators, detectors, and computer programs.
  • Nuclear physics is another branch of modern physics that studies the constituents and interactions of the atomic nuclei.
  • The most widely known inventions and applications of nuclear physics are the generation of nuclear power and the development of nuclear weapons technology.
  • At present, the physic scientists are working on the concept of high-temperature superconductivity.

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