2. Eukaryotes and Prokaryotes

Examples of Eukaryotes

All eukaryotes belong to Domain Eukaryota. Organisms belonging to this domain are animals, plants, fungi, and protists.


Animals are eukaryotes that distinct from the other groups of eukaryotes by being heterotrophic, motile, and multicellular, a body organized into cells, tissues, organs, and systems, lacking cell walls and chloroplasts, and growing from a blastula during embryonic development.


Plants are photosynthetic eukaryotes. They have chlorophyll and other pigments that help in photosynthesis. They have a cell wall comprised mainly of cellulose. It provides structural support. They are not as motile as the animals. Movements are limited but their growth is not. They are capable of unlimited growth through meristematic tissues. They lack the sense organs in animals. Nevertheless, they can sense certain stimuli and respond accordingly by tropisms.


Similar to plants, fungi have cell walls. However, the cell walls are made up chiefly of chitin (material in the exoskeleton of insects). Fungi lack chlorophyll and therefore are heterotrophic. Many of them are multicellular, forming hyphae and mycelium. Few species are unicellular. Examples of fungi are yeasts, rusts, stinkhorns, puffballs, truffles, molds, mildews, and mushrooms.


Protists are unicellular eukaryotes. However, some species form filaments or colonies of the same species. They move around as they have locomotory organs, such as pseudopods, cilia, and flagella. Others lack these organs and therefore are non-motile. Protists include the following: (1) protozoa, the animal-like protists, (2) algae, the plant-like protists, and (3) slime molds and water molds, the fungus-like protists.

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