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- Enzymes are proteins that are produced in the body of different organisms as primary metabolites.
- Enzymes are important compounds that catalyze various metabolic pathways throughout the body.
- Enzymes are proteins formed of polypeptide chains of amino acids that are highly specific for the reaction they catalyze.
- In the absence of enzymes, the biological reactions would require a long period of time to complete.
- Enzymes are conservative and do not get spent during chemical reactions.
- These are involved in almost all forms of metabolic pathways ranging from cellular respiration to internal digestion and absorption.
- The enzymes produced in various organisms are extracted for their use in industries for processes like fermenting of wine, the leavening of bread, curdling of cheese, and brewing of beer.
- Some examples of enzymes include lipases, amylases, proteases, etc.
- Carbohydrate is a group of organic compounds that play an important role in the structural and physiological components of all living beings.
- Carbohydrates are among the most important primary metabolites that are common in all living organisms.
- A carbohydrate is a biomolecule formed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. These provide structure to organisms like cellulose in plants and peptidoglycan in bacteria.
- Besides, these are also compounds that are oxidized to obtain energy for the growth and functioning of the organism.
- Carbohydrates are of various types depending on their length and composition. They are also divided based on their functions.
- Carbohydrates act as substrates for the important biological processes like Kreb’s cycle and glycolysis.
- Monosaccharides are also involved in the formation of macromolecules and might even function as reservoirs of energy and fats.
- Some examples of carbohydrates include glucose, cellulose, glycogen, chitin, peptidoglycan, etc.