R offers various statistical and graphical techniques. It has an extensive library of packages that makes it easy to implement machine learning algorithms. It can be easily integrated with popular software, like Tableau, and Microsoft SQL Server.
R is not just a programming language; it has a worldwide repository system called CRAN (Comprehensive R Archive Network). You can access it at https://cran.r-project.org/.
It also has a collection of all critical updates, R sources, R binaries, R packages, and other documentation. CRAN hosts around 10,000 packages of R.