1. Basic introduction

First aid for heatstroke

When your body overheats, it can cause heat exhaustion. If left untreated, heat exhaustion can lead to heatstroke. This is a potentially life-threatening condition and medical emergency.

If someone is overheated, encourage them to rest in a cool location. Remove excess layers of clothing and try to cool their body down by doing the following:

  • Cover them with a cool, damp sheet.
  • Apply a cool, wet towel to the back of their neck.
  • Sponge them with cool water.

Call 911 if they develop signs or symptoms of heatstroke, including any of the following:

  • nausea or vomiting
  • mental confusion
  • fainting
  • seizures
  • a fever of 104°F (40°C) or greater

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