5. Potential and Kinetic Energy

Is Electrical Energy Potential or Kinetic?

Electrical energy can be either potential or kinetic energy since it’s created from an electric charge flow.   

Continuing with the example of a battery, we know it has electrical potential energy while charging. But once you apply force to the battery, the charged particles start to do some work, converting the potential energy into kinetic energy.   

Similarly, when you switch on a light, the potential energy travels down your wiring and is converted into light and heat that are both forms of kinetic energy.

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