Mirrors are made into different shapes for different purposes.
The two of the most prominent types of mirrors are:
- Plane Mirrors
- Spherical Mirrors
A plane mirror is a flat, smooth reflective surface. A plane mirror always forms a virtual image that is upright, and of the same shape and size as the object, it is reflecting. A spherical mirror is a mirror that has a consistent curve and a constant radius of curvature. The images formed by a spherical mirror can either be real or virtual. Spherical mirrors are of two types as:
- Concave Mirror
- Convex Mirror
In the next few sections, let us learn in-depth about the characteristics of convex and concave mirrors and the images formed by them when the object is kept at different positions.