1. Gymnosperms (Naked Seed Plants)

Relevance of gymnosperms to humans

Conifers are sources for paper products and lumber materials. The resin from conifers has historically been used as sealing pitch, turpentine, floor waxes, printer’s ink, perfumes, menthol manufacture and rosin for musical instruments. Ginko leaves are used medicinally as are plants from the genus Ephedra. Arrowroot starch was once purified from a cycad species. Teas have been made from conifers.

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