3. Types of computer


Supercomputers are the biggest and fastest computers. They are designed to process huge amount of data. A supercomputer can process trillions of instructions in a second. It has thousands of interconnected processors.

Supercomputers are particularly used in scientific and engineering applications such as weather forecasting, scientific simulations and nuclear energy research. The first supercomputer was developed by Roger Cray in 1976.

Characteristics or applications of supercomputers:

  • It has the ability to decrypt your password to enhance protection for security reasons.
  • It produces excellent results in animations.
  • It is used for virtual testing of nuclear weapons and critical medical tests.
  • It can study and understand climate patterns and forecast weather conditions. It can run in NOAA’s system (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) that can execute any type of simple and logical data.
  • It helps in designing the flight simulators for pilots at the beginner level for their training.
  • It helps in extracting useful information from data storage centres or cloud system. For example, in insurance companies.
  • It has played a vital role in managing the online currency world such as stock market and bitcoin.
  • It helps in the diagnosis of various critical diseases and in producing accurate results in brain injuries, strokes, etc.
  • It helps in scientific research areas by accurately analysing data obtained from exploring the solar system, satellites, and movement of Earth.
  • It also used in a smog control system where it predicts the level of fog and other pollutants in the atmosphere.

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